Crop circles are created by lightnings. It is a visual simulation of electromagnetic lines of force and the electrical currents like a photographic record in the raster of grain in the field.
Tramlines and underground structures near
Lizzano, frazione Celletta, Cesena - Forli, 12 Giugno 2008: www.cropfiles.it
Click photo to follow source page. Possible to find "a forest of lightning rods" on that locality. Without a regular pattern, it is a very accurate picture of location, where the lightning discharge into a cereal field occured. Even the field on the right side of the photo, without any crop circle pictogram, is affected by electricity and damaging caused by that much more remarkable, there is also affected crop along the tractor tracks, running through the field, in the picture horizontally, and on the field with crop circle pictogram there is affected mainly cereal around the tracks near the field border, where tractors turns. Often differential gear locked. More humidity, better conduction. It is also possible that approximately in places that are determined by geometric center of the crop circle shapes, are located water supply pipes or drains in the underground. This can also include any other lines - electricity, gas, digital communications. Something similar may also relate to other crop circle pictograms, which appear near some long track. Other examples following. Many longer crop circle pictograms often follow tramlines, because good conductors. No people intervention or work.
The electricity may be distributed around the field mainly by means of tractor tracks. They are characterized by much higher conductivity against the rest of the soil surface of the whole cereal field. Some lines, quite random, may be branched, straight, or forked close from the impact point of the lightning pulse forehead. Electric current is moving described way, near from periodic shapes in cereal on the ground, not only in tracks of tractor and their immediate vicinity, before starting to continue under the ground. The passage of electrical currents inside plant body, cells, tissues and thus damaging them may also cause uneven ripening of cereals. Uneven growing and ripening is a phenomenon, that is arised because conditions there are very similar to transplanting of plants.
The situation described here is responsible to this theoretical presumption: if a regular crop circle pictogram is created, possible that great deal of the lightning discharge energy was lead much faster perpendicular to the deep underground, in contrast to the case of ordinary, much more common lightning into the field - significant part of the lightning discharge energy, long time before it is completely led underground, is led over and across the field surface like on the carousel, committing mischief. Therefore is possible that both parts could be affected approximately equally. On the left was a considerable part of energy consumed to create shapes, and then immediately conducted quickly into the ground. On the right was significant part of the lightning discharge energy much more led across the field surface mostly the tramlines and done so on the more remote locations more damage.
Such a presumption is mentioned several times elsewhere in this site and will be explained on a special page.
Wire fence near
the extraterrestrial stamp imprint did not hit the pasture
and cows, goats and sheeps may continue baa
To be or not to be... That is the question: Actually, is it really possible for everyone UFOlogist and other wannabe "experts" on the extraterrestrial civilizations and their capabilities, operations and interventions on whole globe, whole solar system and whole outer space, able to imagine that pitiful, stateless and those shy aliens, whose technology is many thousands of years, rather millions or billions, more advanced than terrestrial, so that they really were such a "mentally defective" that would not be able to design crop circles pattern around at least some 50 meters further away from the fence, so that their entire crop circle image fit all on that "canvas", which they selected?
Explorers and photographers, who have ever visited a pattern in the crop, would likely be able to remember, or find some lost photos, if there were not somewhere nearby hydrant stand pipe - that is acting as a very good lightning conductor. Something like that is usually not possible to observe on their photos, but they would perhaps find some more detailed images.
Wire fence may acts as a as a ground connection, also as a lightning rod, thus behaves exactly as grounded shield grid of a vacuum tube - that is why no electric energy, no electrons passed through it. Neither electromagnetic radiation, nor electrons are able pass through it - no pasaran. Behaves towards them as completely impenetrable wall.
Elsewhere on the Internet is reported (see), that the grass in the pasture has a mechanical properties fully comparable with the grain behind the fence, and it is therefore strange that the pattern does not continue behind the fence.
Lightning Rods in fields near
As a very good lightning conductors works very often on the fields and in their vicinity placed manure, also nearby trees and shrubs. But as the best, absolutely indisputable lightning conductors may be uniquely determined transmission towers and flagpoles of high-voltage electricity lines. Those possible find often in very close proximity to hundreds of crop circles. Really in many times pylons even appear as unseparable part of some crop circles. Ancona, Italy, 10th Jul 2007, GPS 43.574443°, 13.432214°, two crossing high voltage lines traversing just inside the crop circle pictogram, estimated. 40 and 110 thousand volts, Extra High Voltage - around 400 000 V line nearby, at about 300 m.
Other conductive structures, but these can not be so easily determined, are stored underground. There are various sewers, water pipes, drainages and other underground services. On some images, however, can at least be estimated. Left picture - Lucy Pringle, Horton - near Devizes, Wiltshire 3rd Jul 2005. The right side picture - ukcropcircles.co.uk, the snap was taken some days before, like others here. The second photo may be estimated at least 14 days earlier. On the left crop circle picture possible to localize one very common, distinctive lightning rod - power line pylon, whose neighborhood is not at all a part of geometric shapes, making it lying completely outside any area of interest of any ordinary Crop Circles observer. From the pylon, diagonally left upward, perpendicular to the road, there is a stripe of yellow wheat, around half to three-quarters the height of surrounding wheat. Yellow wheat is dead, that was either killed immediately during lightning discharge to the mast, or later, due to chemicals resulting in plants and soil. Mainly due to electrolysis during the discharge, and consequent chemical processes over the next few minutes or hours, as well as days. The discharge of electricity continued under ground from the the pylon towards the road, in the direction of the utility lines present there underground. Need not be any utility lines, may be just a trench or excavation covered, which holds more moisture than the surrounding terrain, but the cable grounding is likely to be there. A similar stripe runs from the left crop circle to the road. In this case may not be located anything underground, it can only go on rutted access road used for sowing, affected due to higher conductivity. On the right crop circle picture does not appear any yellow crop, possible to observe only a little height differences. From that observing estimated of minimum 14 days time difference between photos.
One possibility, which may contribute to the electric current quickly conducted straight down into underground, could be the presence of slag or metal artifacts, also caused by the activities of some ancient smelter, or the presence of any other relics, mostly from the Iron Age or Bronze Age.Thanks to imperfections of used smelting methods, the slag contains up to several tens of percent pure metal highly finely dispersed. The conductivity of such a place may exceed more than a million times ordinary soil conductivity. The fact that in some places regularly frequented by highly revelation of crop circles, there are in the underground ancient settlements, relatively easy to localize from aerial photographs using the methods of aerial archeology, is quite provable fact. One of the most typical such place is (place_name) but surely it would be possible to find many more. Some tombs and burial places are with metal really heavily loaded.
Also possible other archaeological periods and ages. Gold, silver, copper, stannum, brass, cobalt, lead, zinc, tungsten or uranium age.
Larger quantities of metals placed underground also located in areas, where shot down aircrafts crashed.
More informations on the page archeology
Electric currents vs plants, tissues and cells
much more informations in menu menu EPP and continue
Plants, hit by electric current, maybe near under lethal dose, several days look like absolutely nothing happened. Even if totally dead, or contain great amount of dead cells and damaged tissues. No visible and mechanical changes. It would of course be possible to observe the microscopic changes. Verified, will be documented by photographs. At first, after several days, possible distinguish height differences, dead plants do not grow. Later green color turn into yellow, brown, and plants start dry up. That process lasts several weeks. Only plants, that were affected by such a quantities of electrical, partly maybe thermal energy, that is perhaps more than 10 or 100 times over lethal quantity, may immediately appear yellow, brown, carbonized, but in case of cereal became only several individuals from millions.
Cereals, that were not damaged by the electricity
Highly possible, that crop in fields, where did not appear any lightning during whole vegetation period, never exhibit any marks of damage.
Sometimes, after very intensive lightning, may slightly damaged cereal appear also in the next year ghosts
There was not any lightning on that field, 2010 Benatecka Vrutice
not any stalk damaged and bended, inclined to the ground until harvesting
Left - 26th Jul, right 17th July 2010
Lightning discharge energy - in brief
For example, one average lightning discharge transfers such a great quantity of energy, that would be able to harvest the whole field, many hectares, mill a flour from that grain, bake a bread and distribute it round the whole country. Also postharvest works capable. The crop during its bending to the ground moves several hundreds kg of material into a distance not more than one meter. All of that described material has a lot of own potential energy. More about energy of lightning, measured values lightning
Local conditions. Two lightning discharges in identical place.
long time separation interval - several weeks
Forming of regular
pictograms may highly depend on local conditions. Britain - possible more often happens on chalk. Also archeologic relics may take effect. Also possible, that some regular crop circle pictograms may appear on that place, where appeared two lightning discharges on that some point, the second several weeks later. That is really rare case. The second discharge is in progress on a place with noticeable weakened crop. Statistic - will be placed here.
In rare case of extremely strong lightning discharges possible, that regular crop circle pictogram may appear immediately after that, or within several hours. Strong discharge has also strong mechanical forces and effects, like hundreds kilograms of explosive material above the field with cereal, only several meters. Possible that some regular pictograms may appear thanks to that there was no wind, neither rain. That is the case of The bolt from the blue.
Ground surface oscillations
Another possible cause of forming regular crop circle pictograms is, that to their creation, or shape, would be involved in some way shaking of the earth's surface at the point of origin. The surface of the Earth, placed at the point of the lightning discharge and exposured to its mechanical effects, pressure waves and shock waves, behaves like a flexible membrane, but enormous. Covering an area of several square kilometers. Self resonant frequency of such membrane lies between the values of a few hertz to few tenths of hertz. They can thus create not only simple crop circles, but various analogies or equivalent of chladni patterns.
creator, still successfully escapes
Not a unique phenomenon, while probably that one that even most possible, thanks to that the true and one sole real culprit managed to escape attention for so horrible long time, is the fact that affected cereals exhibit a real marks of damage many days, after the real cause has carried out his work, even many weeks or some months after the thunderstorm and lightning, the only right authors. During crop circle visualisation, long time later, may probably very often assist such an innocent event, as the morning mist, see domino and butterfly. At that time is hardly possible connect in mind the pictogram creation to an event that took place several weeks ago. Very often bending of the stalks, during pictogram or irregular shape appearing, becomes during beatiful weather, after a long time of gradual stalks weakening. Often possible find many other phytopathological factors. Quite clearly all of them resulting like secondary effects, long time after damage by lightning electricity. Viruses, molds, fungi, plant and animal pests. Never would operate without primary damage of the plants by electricity.
Without weakening by electricity would plants playfully resist to all listed pests. After a lightning discharge into the cereal fields also significantly appear ripening non-uniformity, depending on the intensity of damage. Without weakening by electric current would be no crop circle ever discovered. Mostly depends on the distance from strike point, less, but also relatively significantly on the distance from tractor tracks. Any plant, that was exposed to effect of certain amount of electric energy, higher than negligible, but not deadly, ripens clearly slower. See EPP. So far examined mainly by visual observation, or qualified guess, will be verified qualitatively and quantitatively in laboratory. Determination of energy levels and their influence on the vitality of plants. Approximate measurements taken - EPP.
Slightly affected plants may not exhibit a significant, visual damage, but they can be attacked by pests, or just ripen slower. Ostrá.
Very logical reason, why the main culprit of
creation so reliably managed to escape any possible discovery and attention yet, is quite understandable: this "author of everything" is exactly at the time, when he was "painting" on a field, eg creating crop circle picture, able to manage absolutely reliably and ruthlessly chase away any potential observer of his creative activities from the place of his work, as far away as possible, if not killed them.
Cereals commonly damaged
Randomly Downed Formations - RDF
The previous text had already been repeatedly suggested that lightning discharge are primarily responsible not only for all Genuine, regular, even if very complex crop circle shapes, but other than that and for everything else, usually irregularly damaged cereals on all fields of in the world. Literature and websites dealing with crop circles, sometimes named irregularly damaged crop by abbreviation RDF, Randomly Downed Formations, - Randomly Downed Formations, irregularly damaged, weakened shapes of cereals lying on the ground. Really classic example, like from a textbook, can be found in one publication dealing with the issue: Crop Circles - Exploring the Designs and Mysteries, Lark Books, 2002, ISBN 1579902979. Crop Circles - Exploring the Designs and Mysteries, page 111, photography with description: "Classic wind damage in grain". One of the most frequent error, really monstrous, of any almost dilettante crop circles "researchers" until today: Their statement, that such a damage of healthy cereals, may be caused by alone wind. In fact, such a damage of healthy cereals, undamaged by electricity yet, is absolutely not possible in any way. Physical characteristics - flexibility, strength - of a healthy crop will never allow something like that until harvesting - can be observed even if the wind is well over 100km / h. Immediately after its stops, there is not bended to the ground even one stalk. On the photo from the book, there is shown quite typical crop damage after lightning strike. Information is truly shocking, unbelievable, incomprehensible and will certainly take "a little" time before anybody can identify with that. Almost never such damage appear immediately after thunderstorm, mostly up to after weeks.
Here it is possible reproduce the classical idea one of the world's greatest genius of all times. So called Jerry Cimrman's postulate: "We can fight against it, we can protest against it, we can disagree with that, but that's about all, that is with it, or against it possible do."
Repeat, certainly not for the last time:
The vast majority of such a damaged areas, occurs many days after the thunderstorm and lightnings, very often during beautiful weather, when nobody able to derive the lightning as the main cause, because immediately after, also many days after the thunderstorm all the fields and plants looked like absolutely intact. This applies to both crop circles and quite irregular shapes.
By the way, if the authors were able to determine location and time of the picture, they may ask by themselves at the hydrometeorology institute or companies dealing with lightning data. Probably it would be possible to localize more than one lightning hit in photographed field. With an interval of at least several days, but rather several weeks, at any time between the time of the germination and the moment the picture was taken.
Healthy standing cereals near the tractor tracks
On the photo from the book, also in many photographs documenting damage or regular crop circle patterns in the grain, where cereals is simultaneously occurring "commonly" eg wheat inclined towards the ground, also in photos documenting irregular damage, is very interesting that even if almost the entire field, about 80%, is damaged and bent, in the immediate vicinity of tractor tracks the wheat or barley or other cereals are standing upright. This is a very common phenomenon in all damaged cereals. The frequency of its occurrence is so high that it is almost impossible to be only a coincidence. Although is possible, that a relevant part of damaging current was lead to the plants through described tracks, plants closest to them, and thus should be the most damaged, are almost never bended. The bending starts at least 20-30 cm from the tractor tracks. This suggests, that plants closest to tracks, not occupied by growing plants, have available a higher volume of soil with a lower concentration of poisonous substances secreted by roots of neighboring plants. Poisonous and harmful substances originated in them, they are trying transfer to roots and out of them, so near the tracks can be the harmful pollutants considerably more diluted and plants have a greater chance to heal. They are not exposed to such a high concentrations.
Very typical examples will be for instance at the page Kounice, but possible to be found on almost every pictogram of cereals picture, which in addition to the regular shape also includes irregularly damaged and bended crop. Almost always at least 30 cm from the track, sometime up to a meter far away. Sometimes, the mostly damaged crop is not, at least initially, nowhere else than in the greatest distance from the track, exactly halfway between them, where is probably the largest concentration of harmful substances, and plant can get rid them the worst. Also possible better electric conduction there, thanks to double crossing over of seeding machine nozzles at that point, the line is double-sown.
Much more detailed explanation of this phenomenon will be located at Lines.
One of possible reasons for damaging and weakening of cereal stalks is indicated higher fertilising, especially by the nitrogen. In this case, would be cereals under the greatest influence of manure closest to the tracks, and were damaged and bended the most often. But in fact it is exactly the opposite. The overdose - increased content of soluble salts in the soil, would be the main cause of increased frequency of discharges in such places. Piles of manure are attracting lightning in an admirable way, due to increased electrical conductivity of described places, as well as the air above them. Thus, if in the vicinity of crop just become damaged, it is not in any case because of local higher fertilising, but simply because that there appeared a lightning. Logically, would have be the most damaged plants closest to the pile of manure, sometimes a really large, but that happens almost never.
If interested, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
For a basic introduction to historical perspectives on the issue of crop circles possible visit Wikipedia - Crop circle. Although most of the explanations, submitted there, falls or almost entirely belongs under the Pseudoscience (Junk science), i.e. appertains to the Category: Pseudoscience, however at least may serve as a basic information about the current view on the whole issue.
Above all, it must be emphasized, that the explanation shown here, or any page of this website, in any case does not deal with concepts or fields of human activities such as Esotericism, Parapsychology, Psychotronics, Paranormal phenomena, Ufology, Spiritism, Astrology, Occult, Numerology, Oracle, Superstition.
Belief in aliens, Extraterrestrial life, including Extraterrestrials in fiction, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Astrobiology, Unidentified flying object, Military disc-shaped aircraft, Flying saucer, visitors from Universe, Outer space, Galaxy, Milky Way.
Magic (paranormal), Black magic, Witches' Sabbath, Witchcraft, Supernatural phenomena, Miracles. Poltergeist, 2012 phenomenon, Conspiracy theory, Psychokinesis, Shamanism, Mysticism, or any other field of Pseudoscience or Junk science from the Category: Pseudoscience.
Common cereal damage on crop circle photos
Archive L.P., again. On the photo is in addition to the crop circle possible very well observe crop damage in the middle of between the tractor tracks. Of course, this phenomenon can be found not only in the crop circle photographs, but almost on any photo with damaged and on the surface lying cereals. Next very interesting fact is, that the most often, or the most earlier, is damaged, weakened, and bending down the crop appearing near the center of a quarter bend near the edges of the field, regularly turned by tractor wheels. In the corners there are the tracks more rutted. Integral power supplied from the circumference of a circle to its own center originates much higher total sum than a line integral to an equally distant point. The power supplied in the plane of the earth's surface decreases with the square of the distance from the point, that is in the case of a circle constant, so is not decreasing. This is a rough estimate, more details about the issue of current conducting plants and soil will be explained on the LRC link. In addition, the tracks of tractor near the borders on the fields are ran over by tractor once again during the returning from the field. Better conduction of the electricity therefore available. More info in the page tramlines. Thumbnails possible enlarge by hovering mouse over.
Tractor tracks are certainly much more electric conductive against their surroundings, that may also work as lightning rods, the moisture in them collects and holds the best and the longest. Tractor tracks near the border of the field have even provable better conductivity than anywhere else, thanks to that they are crossed over by tractors multiple times, and there appear track bends near that and tractors often turn round there with the differential gear locked. Other very significant lightning rods are piles of manure very often occurring in the fields.
Photograph from Wylatowo created by Polish enthusiasts
Here are shown some typical examples of normal, irregular crop damage formed by lightning in combination with crop circle geometric patterns, photographed by friends observers from the Polish town Wylatowo: link 2002, link pictograms
In all cases, without geometric crop circle shapes there is quite typical damage of cereal caused by the electricity from the lightning discharge.
Argentina 2010, "crop circle" in sunflowers
Right at the beginning of the year 2010 was possible a short visit in Argentina
dated 15th of March 2010, photo from touraine-insolite.xooit.com
carbonized and burnt sunflowers, in circle, is almost impossible to explain in a different way than lightning... Or maybe really that UFO?
The description of plants state looks almost identically as in the textbook for agricultural school, describing the consequence of lightning into the sunflower field. For instance Sunflower Production Handbook 2007, see. The manual compiled by National Sunflower Association, NSA.
If anybody walks through a forest and find some charred trees, than may deduce: "This is possible by a lightning discharge here." When going around a field, observing charred sunflower, what about to think? That aliens hovered above the field in a microwave, rotating in a circle, from the ionosphere was descending vortex supported and created by human and extraterrestrial minds and all-pervasive cosmic intelligence, some other UFO's and flying saucers bombarded the field with the lasers and everything was completed by the action of electrical current that was springing from a place between underground water sources and mist on the British moor? Or is that all a typical British humour?...It was just a small example of how far some "experts" of the Crop Circles phenomenon occasionally resorted in their considerations. They are clearly unhappy from absurdity and incomprehensibility of the whole phenomena. After all it is absolutely impossible to create such an incredibly complex fractals, which are still in inanimate nature and without intelligence can not not be created, it is quite impossible. But it is possible, even very simple!
There could work sometimes just one single hit of lightning, possible accompanied by several parallel and subsequent electric discharges, also may appear some resonances and interferences between all that. Very often there they are in progress following underground lines, and just above them was cause of creating lines. In that case the cereal may not only be damaged, but completely dead. This idea was already mentioned on this page here, another, much more illustrative cases possible find on the page lines.
All happened within a few ten thousandths of a second. This is the net time, a period during which ran an electric current; electric discharges take place between successive pauses, lasting hundreds of milliseconds. The system of the main electrical discharge and several consecutive flashes can take place in time around one second, rarely longer. After its immediate ending might be in the cereal fields noticeable absolutely nothing. At the beginning, during the electric discharge and immediately after, mostly have taken place processes of physics, mechanics, electromechanics, and electrochemistry. After that occurred a long period of rest during which was happening seemingly nothing, and slowly entered a scene nature processes of biology, phytopathology, biomechanics, biophysics, chemistry and other pure natural processes. "Migration of Nations".
What follows may be partly influenced by the weather. Very significant is the fact, that every available next described events, which occur after discharge, will take place even under the most appropriate weather conditions, what possible to imagine for crop growing and ripening.
P_L_U During tens of days, as well as weeks or months, is progressing gradual weakening of the plants. The process is extremely slow due to enormous inertia of biological processes in plants. Tissues, cells and parts of damaged plants are dying, others become weak. One day, the overall weakening of plants exceeds acceptable level. During the night falls the London Fog - butterfly. Plants grows heavy and the weakest stalks slowly begin bending to the ground, see domino. Within several seconds to minutes is a carefully created design falling to the ground like a house of cards. Similar process is probably possible use to explain in some crop circles frequently occurring bundles of stalks, several times regularly folded one over other. In this case, they were likely gradually stacking over themselves, everything did not fall at once. Creation of similar effect is by human forces, using primitive tools, and brains, absolutely impossible. Needless to say, that indistinguishable structures may be found in completely irregularly damaged cereals. Photos accompanying this paragraph on the right side were taken on a place, where found only completely irregularly damaged crop. All that places were demonstrably and verifiable hit by lightning. Photograph up left side - crop circle popis_vlevo_nahoře
The fact, that gradual process of bending to the ground, during that is the
visualised, may become much faster than the whole weakening process has been prepared, and up to very long after it was in fact caused and initiated. So that laity and "professional" public deduces somewhat hasty and confused conclusions.
The Migration Period
So called process through that in the body of whole plants - stems, leaves, roots, ears of cereal, the influence of electrolysis creates, possibly also due to thermal processes, a number of harmful compounds. After some time plants begin move them down to the roots, and excrete them into the soil. In the opposite direction then are moving substances involved in common metabolism of plants prosperous and useful.
Theoretical considerations (chronology of some processes), short example:
By dividing plant, the aboveground part, for example, in ten parts of equal length. In condition, that each of them needs to get rid of harmful substances, that were created inside, "move one floor below", a constant time - for example one day. Topmost part, tenth of the plant - eg. wheat ear or part where they will be formed, during one day get rid of such negative substances, all the other parts below it but must endure passage through of toxins from all parts above them. Such comparison, certainly very simplified, but for purposes of explanation of zonal weakening sufficient, shows that the lowest tenth of the plants is exposed to unfavorable compounds ten times longer than the uppermost part, and ten times greater quantity than it itself has created, so is exposed to an estimated one hundred times higher effects of unfavorable chemicals. Therefore, the lower part is the most weakened, also mechanically - possible to try by hand. The lower part sacrifices itself for successful "education of offspring". Great number of weakened plants are really successful in that, because immediately after bending towards the ground the plant starts bend internodes back using nodes, and the vast majority of them really succeed, even if only partially, so that they can be successfully harvested.
Timing of events described in this paragraph is just an example, not experimentally proven facts. It is only an approximation of probable course of some processes, which would be verified experimentally, and in some cases may be significantly different from the procedure described. Eg after extremely strong discharges. 2008
The timing described here is really possible consider as an educated guess, verified by several years of documented observing, hundreds places with verified lightning discharge hits into the surface of cereal fields. Written in 2011. Also hundreds of verified experiments of acting electric currents on plant tissues.
Possible verify many
Crop circle enigma definitively decrypted...
Only NATURAL forming principles, mechanical - electromechanical - electrochemical - biochemical - biophysical - biomechanical - physical - chemical - phytopathological, simple calculable and predictable. Scientifically verifiable. Even, (!!!!!) in most cases maybe from 1980, if not, from 1990, in some countries, for a certainty backwards verifiable for any crop circle GPS locality. Possible ask meteorologists, or Siemens-Vaisala, ALDIS, CELDN, EUCLID, NORDLIS. The Lightning discharge mostly happens many weeks before Crop Circles appear.
Randomly damaged shapes in Italy...
In some countries, for instance Italy - links down the page, became unwritten rule. If not many crop circles appear some year, the more photographs of irregularly damaged crop are made. Crop circle observers in Italy maybe the first and know the best, that RDF and regular shapes are creation of the same reason. Also many of their photos are typical combination of such
regular shapes and and irregular shapes. One such crop circle picture used in previous text, here and next here. For instance in Italy much more often, that Crop Circles appear in combination with RDF, maybe depending on local conditions. Explained here.
RDF, originally Randomly Downed Formations, Randomly Downed Formations, will be renamed forever to Randomly Damaged Formations, Randomly Damaged Formations, for better translation
for www.cropfiles.it: several links to pages with the most typical photographs,
that were extremely useful in this research -
marked as "e crop irregolari" - irregular shapes
many photos on linked pages possible to enlarge using right click + "view picture"
Also there are many typical lightning rods in cereal fields in italian photographs.
Click to follow link
Similar photos from Czech republic - thousands available. Many of them displaying places with directly verified lightning hit. Link will sometimes appear here.
There are many cases in Italy, where appear many more irregular shapes in combination with crop circles and other similar periodic shapes. Possible, that in Italy there is not such a great interest about crop circles as in Britain. Maybe that some of them are photographed long time after appearing, if ever. May depend on local conditions. Also in Britain, for instance on chronology page. Possible to see, 16.07.2007, Hailey Wood, Ashbury, Wheat, there become added irregular shapes during longer time periods, just inside the periodic shape, as well as outside of it. Many of that irregular parts behaves just under the rule of damaging and weakening after the lightning discharge, furthermost from tramlines, just between them. Possible depends on propagation of electricity through tramlines and from that over surface and near underground. More information - Lightning electricity in soil (also shallow undergroung).
Another possibility is that in Italy are not as effective groundings, so most of the current do not arrive immediately below the ground. And so certain, sometimes quite possibly substantial part of the energy some time before it is completely grounded, may be propagated over surface, or slightly underground, where at least affect and damage the root systems of plants. Therefore are created much larger areas of irregularly damaged cereals, than in "better grounded" brittish cereal fields - thanks maybe there underground still many relics of the bronze age, iron age. Italy is from the archaeological point of view likely to be much better "mined out" than Great Britain.
directed to the pages http://www.croponline.org/cropanomali.htm, namely subpage Lissone (Mi): This location will be used on page forecast, given the likely structure of electricity power lines located there - two power lines, passing around the field. Rectangular winding that encircles the angle more 200 degrees. Some lightning must appear there some next year. No rings, but sometime in the future there will certainly some damaged crop occasionally appear. For more details, see the designated page forecast. On the locality, although there occur some construction changes, able to visit Google Maps, Google Earth, but perhaps something will be left over from the field.
Peeters von Petrackov, numero uno,
Peter Lighter from Dywidag Prefa a. s., number 2,
Pepe from Linde + Wiemann Cz, s.r.o.
Goulash, Spejbl, Kiosker, Kelcak, Pid,
Jimmy - Sticker, Lubos Hanousek,
and many others.
Also really very many thanks to Mr. Vaclav Bosina, local agriculturist.
Roma locuta, causa finita: Rome spoke, the case is terminated
Some books (a tiny fraction), used to explain various physics and nature phenomena and effects in text and subpages www.cropcirclesonline.com Literature
If interested, contact email@example.com
If interested, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
This page was prepared, and all the theories here presented were very thoroughly, closely and in detail experimentally examined by